What Is Combat Jiu-Jitsu? An Introduction To Combat Jiu-Jitsu

What Is Combat Jiu-Jitsu? An Introduction To Combat Jiu-Jitsu

Combat jiu-jitsu is a type of submission grappling developed by Eddie Bravo. It allows certain striking moves, like open palm strikes, to make it more reality-based. Basically, it’s a hybrid version of Brazilian jiu-jitsu and mixed martial arts. It is one of the most vital innovations of Brazilian jiu-jitsu in the last decade.

What Is Combat Jiu-Jitsu? Combat Jiu-Jitsu Explained

There are generally two types of jiu-jitsus: Brazilian and Japanese. But, today, many sports enthusiasts have probably been hearing more about combat jiu-jitsu. This puzzles many mixed martial arts fans, making them wonder what is combat jiu-jitsu.

For starters, this newest innovation of Brazilian jiu-jitsu to appear in the last decade is actually a form of submission grappling.

If you haven’t been hitting the mat for quite some time, you’re probably wondering why you haven’t heard of this before. It turns out, this form of martial arts has only been invented in 2013.

Developed by Eddie Bravo, an American martial arts instructor, combat jiu-jitsu is like a leveled-up version of Brazilian jiu-jitsu. It uses submission grappling and, at the same time, open palm strikes. This makes martial art closer to reality.

Who Invented Combat Jiu-Jitsu?

Combat jiu-jitsu is new to the jiu-jitsu scene. It is only invented in 2013. And the person behind this amazing form of submission grappling is Eddie Bravo.

Eddie Bravo is an American martial arts instructor. Many people regard him as a creative genius for his innovative techniques and, of course, for inventing combat jiu-jitsu.

Bravo is also famous for having Royler Gracie submitted in the ADCC 2003. This was when he was a brown belt.

In addition to that, he took home several gold medals in ADCCs 1999, 2000, and 2001.

History of Combat Jiu-Jitsu

Compared to other forms of martial arts, combat jiu-jitsu is relatively new. Eddie Bravo invented it around 2013. But, it wasn’t until 2017 that its first test run took place at EBI 11.

In its test run at EBI 11, it was evident how the crowd was pumped. They cheered on all of the combat jiu-jitsu matches as competitors exchanged strikes and submission attempts.

Despite all the excitement during EBI 11, you can still see how mixed the public reception is when combat jiu-jitsu was first introduced.

Many people made the new sport a laughing stock. Some even jokingly called combat jiu-jitsu “slap jiu-jitsu.”

On top of that, the majority of the athletes who competed in combat jiu-jitsu have a Brazilian jiu-jitsu background and not mixed martial arts. Hence, their striking moves aren’t that impressive.

This, unfortunately, made other sports fans laugh at the new form of jiu-jitsu. Some even made memes out of the event.

In spite of it all, combat jiu-jitsu inventor Eddie Bravo still went all out in promoting his invention. He promoted the sport in multiple events and put up a flagship competition, which he calls Combat Jiu-Jitsu Worlds.

Combat Jiu-Jitsu Today

Since 2017, Bravo’s efforts were not put to waste. Thanks to him not giving up on the new sport, the world now has several notable combat jiu-jitsu athletes today. The list includes:

  • Wilson Reis
  • Tyson Griffin
  • Denny Prokopos
  • Masakazu Imanari
  • Ritchie Martinez
  • Nathan Orchard

But, among them all, Vagner Rocha stands out the most. He is a former UFC fighter with a 14-4 record. He dominated nearly every match that he’s had over the past several years under combat jiu-jitsu rules. What’s more, he won them all either via submission or total knockout.

Combat Jiu-Jitsu Rules Explained

Combat Jiu-Jitsu Rules Explained

For some, combat jiu-jitsu looks funny, especially because not everyone is familiar with the techniques it uses. But, overall, it’s actually a great experience to learn this sport.

If you’re already fascinated with this sport and want to learn more about it, here’s a look at its rules.

Strikes and Slaps

First, strikes and slaps are only allowed once you “downed” your competitor. This happens when they have both of their knees or their buttocks on the floor. You should not exchange strikes while standing.

When it comes to striking, closed fist strikes are prohibited. You should only use open palm strikes.

The Get Down Rule

While you’re standing, grappling can only go on for a maximum of one minute. After that, and you’re still grappling with your opponent, a horn will sound. This indicates that the match needs to be grounded.

When this happens, the referee will stop your match for a bit. Then, they will enforce the “Get Down” rule.

The referee will have to flip a coin to decide on the position. The winner of the coin flip will have an advantage as they are the ones who’ll decide to be on the bottom or on top in butterfly guard with double under hooks.

Purgatory Position

In combat jiu-jitsu, there is a position called the “purgatory.” This is when you are grounded and your opponent is still standing and not engaging in a guard position or a leg entanglement.

While this position is allowed, you can only make it last for 30 seconds for the entire match, After that, any further time you spend there should be added to your overtime result. This is done to discourage any stalling.

The timer only stops once your opponent’s (the one who’s on top) knee touches the ground. They must be seen to be passing. The timer resumes if they stop being active.

If you’re standing while your competitor is in a leg entanglement or in full guard, it’s not considered purgatory.

But, when you disengage from a leg entanglement or break your opponent’s guard, you’re only allowed ten seconds to re-engage before the purgatory timer starts.

Winning Combat Jiu-Jitsu

In combat jiu-jitsu, all submissions are legal. You can win the match by that. Or, via total knockout or EBI Overtime rules.

Combat Jiu-Jitsu Overtime Rules Explained

You’ve probably heard of EBI Overtime. But, how does it work?

For starters, the concept isn’t that complicated. However, there are a lot of details to it.

In regular events, for instance, after the 10-minute regulation round, there should be an overtime round of five minutes. At the end of matches in the final, there must be three overtime rounds. Each of them should last five minutes at max.

For the coin toss, each fighter has to choose a side. Whoever is on the attack must finish in less than five minutes. Whoever is on the defense should escape the position as fast as possible. Once the grappler escapes, the round is over.

Whoever got the tap wins the match, If there are no submissions, the winner is decided depending on the fastest escape time.

Is It Possible To Strike In Combat Jiujitsu?

Combat jiu-jitsu allows strikes. However, you cannot use them while standing.

You can only strike your opponent once they’re downed. And, remember, you must not strike your opponent with your fists closed. It’s forbidden in combat jiu-jitsu. What you can do, though, is strike your opponent with open palms.

This may seem a bit weird at first. In fact, it is why many memes were made during combat jiu-jitsu’s first test run. But, it is actually what makes the sport unique.

What are the Differences Between Combat Jiujitsu and BJJ?

What are the Differences Between Combat Jiujitsu and BJJ?

Brazilian jiu-jitsu is one of the forms of jiu-jitsu that many people know of. And those who are new to the world of jiu-jitsu may find it quite difficult to tell combat jiu-jitsu apart from BJJ. If you’re one of them, here’s how you can tell them apart: the striking.

Brazilian jiu-jitsu is a grappling-based form of combat sport. Since it focuses on grappling techniques, fighters are not allowed to exchange strikes with each other.

Combat jiu-jitsu, on the other hand, is a combination of Brazilian jiu-jitsu and mixed martial arts. Here, players are allowed to strike.

However, the strikes must be open palm. And, you can only use them on the ground.

Both jiu-jitsu forms use the same submission techniques.

Here’s a quick side-by-side comparison of the two.

Brazilian Jiu-JitsuCombat Jiu-Jitsu
Uses grappling techniquesUses grappling techniques
Any form of striking is not allowedOpen palm strikes are allowed but only on ground

Combat Jiu-jitsu vs BJJ – Which One Should you Choose?

Jiu-jitsu is not just a sport. It is also a great sport that you can use for self-defense. But. if you were to ask which one of all its forms should you pick, many would suggest BJJ.

BJJ as Self-Defense

Brazilian jiu-jitsu trains your body to have a stronger body and grip. This makes it a great form of martial art that you can use to defend yourself in times of trouble.

Competing with BJJ

If you want to compete, BJJ also makes a good foundation. And many UFC fighters can attest to that. This includes Demian Maia, Nate Diaz, Charles Oliveira, and Brian Ortega, to name a few. They often win their MMA fights, thanks to BJJ.


Maia is one of the most accomplished BJJ fighters in the world today. He is also one of UFC’s top BJJ fighters. He often gives a tough fight for the UFC fighters in his division.

Diaz, on the other hand, is famous for choking out THE Conor McGregor. His BJJ skills are to fear for in the UFC ring too.

Meanwhile, Oliveira is popular for being one of the most accomplished submission artists in the UFC. No other fighters can compete with his record of 13 submissions.

Ortega is yet another UFC fighter that many fear due to his BJJ skills. He has a black belt in BJJ and he is exceptionally good at choking his opponents out.

BJJ is also the foundation of combat jiu-jitsu. So, if you’re planning to get into the scene of CJJ, you might want to master the former first.

However, it still depends on you. If you want to learn striking and submission, CJJ is a great idea. But, if you want to have a strong foundation in jiu-jitsu, BJJ is a good option too.

One thing is for sure, whichever form of jiu-jitsu you choose, you will surely enjoy learning it. Plus, they are all good for both mental and physical health.

The road may not be easy, though. Whichever form of martial art you choose, you will surely need to dedicate a lot of patience and time to master it. But, it’s all part of the experience.

Combat jiu-jitsu is relatively new to the world of martial arts. Hence, many ask what is combat jiu-jitsu.

Despite it still trying to gain more popularity to this day, this form of combat sport is one of the best forms of martial art that will help you strengthen your grip, your body, and further your knowledge of jiu-jitsu.

Thanks to the creativity of Eddie Bravo, martial arts enthusiasts have something new to improve their skills and further their knowledge of the sport. You want to know what martial arts are used in MMA? click here.

About Carla

I'm a journalist passionate about extreme sports. I love writing and reading stories about those brave people that are going beyond the limit of their physical capabilities.

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